The Pantanal is the world’s largest freshwater wetland. It occupies an area of 250.000 km² and is at an altitude of 100 meters, located between the south of the state of Mato Grosso and the northwest of Mato Grosso do Sul, while also spanning the north of Paraguay and east of Bolivia, an area called “the Bolivian chaco”. The Pantanal is considered a UNESCO World Natural Heritage site and Biosphere Reserve.
Most of the soil in the area is sandy and has natural pastures used by the native herbivores and the cattle herds introduced by the settlers of this region. Thanks to this native pastures, the Pantanal is largely preserved and just a small portion of the original pasture has been replaced with exotic grass such as signalgrass (Brachiaria). The rainy season goes from October to March and the dry season, from April to September.
The fauna and flora of the Pantanal are very diverse due to singular characteristics that do not occur in any other place on the planet. It is home to 650 species of birds, approximately 80 species of mammals, and many reptiles, amphibians and insects. The region is also very rich in fish, with over 263 catalogued species.